Skip to main content

Will animals warm to AI heating tech in zoos?

IBM use AI to keep animals warm at Marwell Zoo

The Nyala antelope at Marwell Zoo are part of an experiment to test whether Artificial Intelligence, AI, could effectively control heating in enclosures. 

The AI experiment is a partnership between Marwell Zoo and IBM to use AI in the Nyala antelope enclosure.

Nyala antelope are used to warmer climates than we get in the UK, so zoos need to get their enclosures warm. Marwell Zoo in Hampshire found there was no effective way to do this.

Thermostats did not prove successful since it turns heating on whether animals are present or not. Motion sensors were also not successful – since sleeping animals were not moving and it could result in the heating being switched off. Leaving the heating on all the time is expensive and guzzles energy.

The AI solution is an algorithm using data from an infrared sensor. Tech giant IBM helped the zoo to install sensors and Raspberry Pi computers with infrared sensors. The Raspberry Pi computer uses an algorithm to detect whether the animals are present or not.

While only an experiment, the algorithm is making the correct decision about whether to turn the heating on about 96% of the time.

A blog from IBM gives the tech details of the set-up:

“Thermal sensors [are] connected to an ESP-8266 Arduino-compatible microprocessor, in a small 3D-printed plastic box. This was connected to a Raspberry Pi using a micro-USB cable, and he used the 8×8 grid of LEDs on a SenseHAT add-on board on the Pi as a display. A Node-RED application running on the Raspberry Pi displays the 16 temperatures readings being detected by the thermal sensor as a heat map, updating once a second.”

IBM suggests this sort of technology could have uses elsewhere – triggering actions in exhibitions, or even making bus stops more welcoming when a person is present.

AI was identified as one of Blooloop’s tech trends for 2018.

Share this
Michael Mander

Michael Mander

I am a journalist from Essex, England. I enjoy travelling, and love exploring attractions around the world. I graduated from Lancaster University in 2018. Twitter @michael_mander.

More from this author

More from this author

Related content

Your web browser is out of date. Update your browser for more security, speed and the best experience on this site.

Find out how to update